This 13-year-old is trying to save the world one ecosystem at a time

A 13-Year-Old Has Invented A Completely New Approach To Cleaning Up Oil Spills broadcomfinalistSCIENCE More: Oil Spill in Deepwater Science Fair Project.
A 13-Year-Old Has Invented A Completely New Approach To Cleaning Up Oil Spills

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by JESSICA ORWIG (broadcomfinalist)

Chythanya Murali with her science fair poster.

This 13-year-old is trying to save the world one ecosystem at a time.

Chythanya Murali, an eighth grader from Arkansas, has created a safe, effective, non-conventional method to clean oil spills, by harnessing the cleaning properties of bacteria — specifically the enzymes they use to break down oil particles. These enzymes disassemble oil molecules, making way for the bacteria to convert it into harmless compounds.

Advances in oil clean up are dearly needed. Right now, the mixtures of oil-cleaning enzymes that we use can be more harmful than helpful to the environment. In 2012, a study found a chilling discovery about the oil-cleaning agents dispersed in the Gulf of Mexico after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill of 2010. When combined with the oil itself, the resulting mixture was 52 times more toxic to small animals like plankton than oil alone.

In fact, it was this very same spill that motivated Murali to make a difference. “My inspiration for this project began [from] the immense damage caused by the BP oil spill in early 2010.”Deepwater_Horizon_oil_spill_ _May_24,_2010
Deepwater_Horizon_oil_spill_ _May_24,_2010
NASA/GSFC, MODIS Rapid Response
Sunlight illuminated the lingering oil slick off the Mississippi Delta on May 24, 2010.

To improve oil-cleaning methods, Murali designed a science fair project that explored the different mixtures of oil-eating enzymes and oil-breaking-down bacterias, to see how they effect the marine environment.

“The combination of bio-additive enzymes and oil-degrading bacteria as a novel combination for short and long-term cleaning, and its effect on ecosystems was not explored before,” Murali told Business Insider.

So it only seemed natural to Murali to combine the two and see what happened. She discovered that in a small-scale aquarium, the combination of her chosen oil-cleaning agents could help remove oil while preserving the health of the overall ecosystem, something that some of the oil-cleaning agents we use today cannot achieve.

Murali hopes her new approach can be further developed and one day, help clean up oil spills. Earlier this month, her science fair oil-breakdown project won her a position as a Broadcom Math, Applied Science, Technology, and Engineering Rising Stars (MASTERS) finalist. She is one of 30 Broadcom MASTERS finalists in the country.

Murali has yet to apply her mixture on a large scale to test its commercial potential, so she might run into trouble scaling up the project.
Oil_clean_up_at_impact_site_(5015342704)Oil_clean_up_at_impact_site_(5015342704)
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Southeast Region
Oil spill response actions near drill site May 27, 2010.

“I did not have the funding to conduct this on a larger scale, so it would need more time and support… to see if it works in in vivo conditions,” she said. “Afterwards, this novel combination of biological agents can be used to clean oil spills in real world scenarios.”

If she won this year’s Broadcom MASTERS grand prize of $25,000, that would certainly help bring her closer to that goal.

SEE ALSO: The Stuff We Use To Clean Up Oil Spills Might Make The Oil MORE Toxic

READ MORE: A Massive Oil Spill Is Threatening Mexico’s Third Largest City’s Water Supply

Read more: http://www.businessinsider.com/chythanya-muralis-plan-to-clean-oil-spills-2014-9#ixzz3Ek0UstNZ

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Humanity Has Been Cut-off from Its Future

tumblr_nbjeq33Aog1txl703o1_500Humanity Has Been Cut-off from Its Future

BY WKCHILD on SEPTEMBER 29, 2014 •
Source: Casey Research, by Stephen Belmont

As much as we may complain about a multitude of things going wrong in the world, I suspect that many of us have a nagging impression—in a seldom-visited but persistent corner of our minds—that we’re living through desperately boring times.

These are very loud times, of course, but that doesn’t make them less boring.

An endless stream of bad news passes over our screens every day, accompanied by the best flashing images that the entertainment corps can come up with… yet somehow we know that it’s all an empty set of distractions.

And our instincts are right. Aside from the Internet, the past twenty years have been a snore, filled with sameness and conformity. They have featured no goals save bodily comfort and no aspirations save existence and status. Underlying it all has been a palette of manufactured fears that can only be salved by buying the right products or electing the right politicians. It’s been an age that rewarded neuters and punished vigorous individuals.

It all reminds me of a phrase from the late ‘50s:

In the US, you have to be a deviant or die of boredom.

Certainly a few people have had exciting and meaningful lives during these years, but they were definitely not people who followed mainstream paths; they were, in the proper sense of the word, deviants.

“Where There Is No Vision, the People Perish”
The phrase above comes from the Bible’s book of Proverbs, and it expresses an important truth: Humans, in order to live effectively and happily, need a goal—a vision—to pursue.

This is known as “teleological motivation” (or simply “teleology”), and it shows up in areas ranging from small to large. For example, when you decide to walk across a room, you don’t plan the contractions of your muscles, you just define the goal and activate your will; subconscious systems take over from there. From top to bottom, that’s just how we work.

So, with no goal, with no vision, we languish. And that’s been the problem for a long time now.

Are status and sex really all we have to grasp for? Are we no more than clever apes, chasing the same prizes they do, albeit more elegantly?

If you ask people “Where are we all going?,” you’ll get empty looks in response. And that’s because we have nowhere to go. There is no vision in our times, and the only quasi-visions we have are “elect Senator X” or “win the big game.” These are hardly appropriate goals for an actualized human life.

Read More Here: CaseyResearch.com

my sentiments exactly: HONOR YOGA OPENS BORDENTOWN LOCATION IN CALIFORNIA DROUGHT

California Is Burning Up by JAKE FLANAGIN

By JAKE FLANAGINA video highlights the desperate condition of farmers battling drought in California’s once-verdant Central Valley.Published: September 29, 2014 at 4:00AMfrom NYT http://ift.tt/1BwNNCP
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Over 30 Hikers Die During Ontake Eruption in Japan: What Happened?

Over 30 Hikers Die During Ontake Eruption in JapanOntakeplume

BY ERIK KLEMETTI 09.28.14 | 11:17 AM | PERMALINK

The growing ash cloud from the September 27, 2014 eruption of Ontake in Japan. Photo by Video by Kyodo News.
The growing ash cloud from the September 27, 2014 eruption of Ontake in Japan. Photo by Kyodo News (video capture).

After yesterday’s news about the unexpected eruption at Ontake, we are finally getting the full, grim picture of the extent of death at the Japanese volcano. Authorities in the area has said that over 30 people have been found on the volcano and mostly of them are likely dead from effects of the eruption. This would make this eruption one of the most deadly in the past 30 years. The description of the many of the deaths suggest that ash inhalation may have been the primary cause of death, but this is very preliminary before more investigation. Images of the summit area show building buried in ash so more dead or injured may be found as the search continues. Some people continue to be stranded on the volcano as it continues to produce a small steam plume from its summit crater – you can see it on the Ontake webcam.

The question now is: what happened? Japan has one of the most sophisticated volcano monitoring networks in the world but from what it seems, this eruption was completely unexpected. Did someone miss a sign or did the network fail? My guess is the answer to both of those questions is “no”.
Based on what I’ve read and seen (and this is speculation on my part), this eruption may have been a steam-driven explosion known as a “phreatic” eruption. The Japanese Meteorological Agency suggested that even compared to a smaller eruption in 2007, this explosion (see below) had almost no warning. This occurs when water seeps into the cracks in the crater area of a volcano and gets hot enough to flash to steam. This rapid boiling causes fracturing of the rock and explosively ejects material out of the crater as the pressure inside the crater or conduit goes up exponentially. This explosion then produces ash clouds and pyroclastic flows made mostly of the shattered debris of old rock at the crater rather than new magma. Although phreatic explosions can be small, they don’t necessarily need to be as they can even become “phreatoplinian“, with ash columns that reach tens of kilometers into the air above the volcano.

Ontakeplume
Aqua MODIS image of the Ontake ash plume, seen on September 27, 2014. Photo by NASA.

Now, with a phreatic eruption, a lot of the common monitoring methods just don’t work. There are rarely noticeable earthquakes or tremor as those phenomena are caused mainly by magma movement. There isn’t an increase in gas emissions like carbon dioxide or sulfur dioxide as little-to-no new magma is rising in the volcano releasing these gases. There is even little deformation to the volcano as no magma is forcing its way up. The only signal could be increasing temperature of fumarole and crater lakes as the crater vent area heats up — but that might not even be necessary.

So, you’re left with a volcano that will produce an explosive eruption without any precursors. This is what happened in the last few years at places like Mayon in the Philippines, where last year 5 hikers died during a phreatic explosion at its summit that had no precursors. Phreatic explosions are common at many volcanoes as groundwater percolates into the crater, heats up and boils catastrophically.

The hikers on Ontake knew they were hiking on a volcano, but there likely had no real indication that anything was about to happen if this eruption was indeed a large phreatic explosion. Ontake has a limited history of phreatic explosions but so do most volcanoes in settings like Japan (or the Cascades for that matter). You can argue whether they truly knew the risk on hiking on an active volcano, but how many people hike at places like Mount St. Helens, Lassen Volcano National Park or Mount Rainier every day without specific knowledge that they are hiking on a potentially active and explosive volcano?

How do you prepare yourself if you’re hiking in volcanic terranes? Here are a few tips:

Get to know your volcano. Check out the Global Volcanism Program’s webpage for the volcano and see how often it has erupted over the last few centuries and check out the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for more information. If you are especially concerned, check with local authorities.
Be prepared. For any hike into mountains, bring extra clothes, headlamp and a first aid kit — along with extra water
Be doubly prepared. If you know you’re hiking on a volcano that has produced even small explosive eruptions in the past few decades, it is a good idea to bring a small dust mask so you can protect yourself against ash inhalation. Sunglasses could work to protect your eyes, but goggles could work even better. If you are especially concerned of explosions, you should even bring a helmet – if trapped close to an explosion, one of the main causes of death beyond ash is blunt trauma to the head.
Let people know where you are. Before you head out, tell someone not on the volcano exactly where you plan to go and when you plan to be back. Good advice for all adventuring, but might be doubly so for a volcano. If you have cell phone service, make sure you have your phone and its fully charged.
Understand the risk. By no means am I saying people shouldn’t hike on potentially active volcanoes, but there is a risk. At the same time, there is always a risk of a landslide on almost any mountain, so the key is being aware of the risk.
Many people are quick to blame the hikers or the volcanologists for not “predicting” what might happen. That isn’t the game of volcano monitoring — there is no way to predict all eruptions (or, in fact, most of them). It is a tragedy how many people died on Ontake in what might have been moderate eruption, but as with much in nature, random events happen that are unpredictable. For the millions of people who hike on volcanoes every day, there will be the few who don’t return because volcanoes are dynamic, active features on our planet. Don’t let that scare you, but also treat volcanoes with the respect they clearly deserve.

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Tags: ASH, deaths, Japan, Lassen, Mayon, Ontake, phreatic explosion, Rainier, St Helens, Volcanic hazards, volcano monitoring
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After yesterday’s news about the unexpected eruption at Ontake, we are finally getting the full, grim picture of the extent of death at the Japanese volcano. Authorities in the area has said that over 30 people have been found on the volcano and mostly of them are likely dead from effects of the eru
September 28, 2014 at 08:58PM
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Mississippi Skate Park Creates ‘New Model’ For Funding Public Projects

THE 20 BEST JOBS:la marbella_bowl contestFeatured ImageWIN a Mou...

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Thanks to tight deadlines, crowded inboxes, constant meetings, and pressure to perform, it’s easy to fall into the trap of working too much.And while it’s important to be dedicated to your career, finding time for a life outside of work is just as (or more) crucial.“As humans, we need other outlets in our lives, such as friends, family, and hobbies, to live the kind of lives that bring us greater satisfaction,” says Scott Dobrowski, a community expert at Glassdoor, a site where employees can review their jobs and employers.Glassdoor recently sifted through its data to find whichprofessions offer the most flexible schedules, the option to work from home, and allow employees to set their own schedules. In other words: the jobs that provide the best work-life balance.

Data scientist, SEO specialist, and tour guide top the list.

“By maintaining a healthy work-life balance, we see employees who tend to be satisfied in their jobs,” Dobrowski explains. Employees in these jobs are motivated and hard working, yet still avoid burning out, which is good for both the employee and employer.

20. Game Designer

 

Work-life balance score: 3.8

“Nice people with a high team spirit, a great work life balance, countless events, activities, and benefits and low hierarchies.” —Wooga Game Designer (Berlin, Germany)

19. Real Estate Broker

Work-life balance score: 3.8

“Flexible schedule, unlimited income, great work environment.” —Century 21 Real Estate Broker (location, n/a)

18. Carpenter

Work-life balance score: 3.8

“Lots of chances to move up or lateral moves if you don’t like what you are doing. Environment values family and having a life outside of work.” —Fluor Carpenter (Boulder, Colorado)

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Big Ticket | Penthouse With Star Power for $20 Million by ROBIN FINN

Scott Phinney


By ROBIN FINN

A SoHo duplex penthouse owned by Kelly Ripa and her husband, Mark Consuelos, is the sale of the week.

Published: September 26, 2014 at 4:00AM

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from Scott Phinney.

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Episode 49 – Jenny Chen And Vicki Luisi Of Wanderable: September 28, Bridal Bazaar in SAN DIEGO

Bridal Bazaar September 28, 2014allinclusiveadultsonlyresorts
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San Diego, CA 92101
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Bands & Musicians Disc Jockeys Jewelry
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Bridal & Gift Registries Fashion – Bridesmaids Photo/Video Montage
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Ceremony – Locations Fitness & Weight Loss Premarital Coaching
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Police crack counterfeiting ring in Regina

Police crack counterfeiting ring in Regina

P

REGINA – Police arrested two people for producing counterfeit money at a home in North Central Regina on Monday night.

After a lengthy investigation into the fake bills led to five previous arrests, police raided a house on the 800 block of King Street and seized counterfeit U.S. bank notes and equipment that can be used to counterfeit paper currency.

During the raid police also seized drugs, drug paraphernalia, drug equipment and weapons including a crossbow, throwing knives and two stun guns.

36 year-old Jason Alvin Ursulan and 26 year-old Melissa Ann Heather Patterson are facing numerous charges including production of counterfeit money and possession of equipment used to make counterfeit money.

During the raid police also arrested 27 year-old Shelsey Raelyn Hansinger for possession of crystal meth.

Ursulan and Patterson both made their first court appearance on Tuesday afternoon.

Utah’s top tree climbers come together to compete

Utah’s top Tree Climbers come together to Compete:

SALT LAKE CITY — Utah’s best tree climbers put their skills to the test Saturday at the annual tree climbing championship.

Featured imageThe event is put on by the Utah Community Forest Council and the International Society of Arboriculture.The contestants cut trees for a living, either with a city or a private company. There is a lot of skill required, but the main thing is always safety.

Jake Bleazard, Utah state tree climbing champion, spoke about the work. “Arborist is one of the most dangerous jobs,” he said. “They say every four days a tree climber dies, so we have to keep safety in mind a hundred percent of the time.”

The masters challenge is a timed event that tests their ability to quickly, professionally and safely maneuver in a tree while performing work-related tree care tasks.

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Utah’s champ will represent the state in March in the International Tree Climbing Championship in Tampa, Florida.

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