Symbiotic Relationships in Ecology: mutualism, parasitism, and commensalism via Wild Earth Lab

What is a symbiotic relationship?
A symbiotic relationship is a long-term interaction between two species. Did you know lichens are two species in a symbiotic relationship? A lichen is a fungi and an algae or bacteria living together. This is just one of many examples of a symbiotic relationship! Symbiotic relationships typically benefit at least one of the two species involved. Symbiosis is a common topic covered when teaching students about ecology.
Check out my mini study materials! Teach kids about symbiotic relationships!

brown hummingbird selective focus photographyThe relationship between flowering plant and pollinator is one example of mutualism. Photo by Philippe Donn on Pexels.com
Mutualism
Mutualism is a type of symbiotic relationship in which both species benefit. An example of mutualism is a squirrel eating nuts or fruit from a tree, then dispersing the tree’s seeds in its scat. The squirrel benefits because it receives food, and the tree benefits because its seeds are spread and can grow into more trees.
Examples of Mutualism:
A bee drinks nectar from flowers, while spreading pollen from plant to plant.
A squirrel eats the nuts of a tree and disperses the seeds in its scat.
Bacteria and fungi live in a songbird’s intestines. The bacteria break down and eat parts of food that are difficult for the songbird to digest.
An algae and fungi live together as a lichen. The algae produces food through photosynthesis and the fungi provides a thick, protective layer.

Close up of two small gray caterpillars have eaten a leaf until only the fibrous leaf veins remain.Caterpillars devour leaves.
Parasitism
Parasitism is a type of symbiotic relationship in which one species benefits and the other species is harmed. An example of parasitism is a group of insects invading a tree. The insects benefit because they live in and feed on the tree, but the tree is harmed because its important tissues are getting eaten and destroyed.
Examples of Parasitism:
A group of insect larvae eat most of the leaves off a tree, which harms the tree’s ability to make its own food through photosynthesis.
Beetles cut off a tree’s circulation by feeding on the tree’s phloem, a tree part that moves sugars made during photosynthesis.
Ticks drink the blood of a rabbit and pass diseases to the rabbit.
A worm lives in the intestine of a deer, consuming some of the food the deer eats and causing the deer to not get enough nutrients.

shallow focus photography of a spiderweb with raindropsA spider building a web between two plants could be an example of commensalism, as long as the plant isn’t harmed. Photo by NastyaSensei on Pexels.com
Commensalism
Commensalism is a type of symbiotic relationship in which one species benefits and the other species is not affected. An example of parasitism is a bird living in a tree. The bird benefits because it gets a safe place to live. The bird neither helps nor harms the tree.
Examples of Commensalism:
A bird builds a nest in a tree, providing the bird with a safe home, and neither harming nor helping the tree.
A chipmunk hides from the hot sun in the shadow of a tree. The tree is not affected.
A turkey hides from predators in shrubs, The turkey does not harm the shrubs in any way but does not help them either.
A spider builds a web between two ferns. The ferns are not impacted in any way.
Download this forest ecology unit from my shop today!

An example of predation. Photo by Tina Nord on Pexels.com
Is predation a symbiotic relationship?
Predation is when one animal hunts and eats another animal as food. Although this is not always considered a type of symbiotic relationship (because it is usually short-term), predation is still an important interaction between animals in an ecosystem!
Examples of Predation:
A badger digs up and eats earthworms.
A fox catches a rabbit and carries it back to a den to feed to its pups.
An owl hunts for a mouse to eat.
A tree frog catches and eats a fly.

An example of herbivory.
What about herbivory?
Herbivory is a short-lived relationship between species, similar to predation. However, herbivory is an interaction in which a plant-eating animal eats a plant. Herbivory is an important ecosystem interaction because it allows energy to flow up the food chain from producers (plants) to primary consumers (herbivores & omnivores). However, herbivory is not typically considered a symbiotic relationship.
Examples of Herbivory:
A deer eats some grass.
A moose munches the leaves off of a willow.
A minnow nibbles on some algae.
A caterpillar devours a leaf.
Food webs educational materials, flashcards, and activities.Looking for wildlife and ecology curricula? Check out my complete food webs unit!

Teaching Students about Symbiosis and Ecology:
I have tons of both free and paid resources to help you teach your kids or students all about ecology and symbiotic relationships! Please check out the following:
Blog Posts & Articles:
Aquatic Ecosystems: How to tell if a pond, stream, or wetland is healthy
The Heart of an Ecosystem: Healthy ponds, streams, and wetlands
Food Chains vs Food Webs: definitions, differences explained, and examples
Pond Ecology
Forest Ecology

Units (complete curriculum)

Forest Ecology: an environmental science unit
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Food Webs: a printable ecology unit study
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Mini Studies

Learn about symbiotic relationships with these printable materials!

Dive into pollination this school year with these printable study materials!

Download and print this lesson on forest layers!

Explore fire ecology and forest succession with these materials!

Teach your kids about the frog life cycle with this mini study!

Learn to identify the signs of a healthy pond ecosystem with this fun lesson plan!

Study aquatic insects – the cool critters living at the bottom of ponds and streams, with these unique printable study aids!







Symbiotic Relationships
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References and Further Reading
Michigan Tech University. (n.d.). Wildlife Ecology Basics. Michigan Forests Forever Teachers Guide. Available: https://mff.forest.mtu.edu/Environment/EcologyWildlife.htm
Lord, J. (n.d.). Exploring Symbiosis. Oregon Institute of Marine Biology. Available: https://oimb.uoregon.edu/Documents/GK12/GK12-Fourth-Symbiosis.pdf
National Geographic Society (n.d.). Symbiosis: The Art of Living Together. Available: https://education.nationalgeographic.org/resource/symbiosis-art-living-together

It’ll hit the 100s in the Inland Empire Increasing health Risks & Wildfire Dangers

RIVERSIDE — Searing temperatures and minimal humidity will turn most of the Inland Empire into an oven this week, raising heat-related health risks and wildfire danger, the National Weather Service said Monday.

The NWS released a statement saying the region is in store for “a potentially long duration heat wave, beginning Tuesday and Wednesday and continuing into at least early next week.”

“Hot and unstable conditions, along with minimum relative humidity each day well inland, will lead to the potential of large vertical plume growth for any new fires that develop, particularly in the foothills and in the mountains,” the NWS stated.

According to forecasters, high pressure ridges trundling over the Great Basin of Utah and Nevada will, over the next six or seven days, influence weather patterns, pushing moisture out and pushing the mercury into the triple digits across Riverside County.

An Excessive Heat Watch is in effect from Tuesday morning to Sunday night.

“Extreme heat will significantly increase the potential for heat-related illnesses, particularly for those working or participating in outdoor activities,” the Weather Service said.

Meteorologists recommended minimizing exposure risks by remaining indoors whenever and wherever possible, as well as staying hydrated and near an air conditioner.

It was unknown whether the late-summer scorcher might crack temperature records over the Labor Day weekend.

High temps in the Riverside metropolitan area are predicted to reach 100 Tuesday, 104 Wednesday, 105 Thursday, 102 Friday, 105 Saturday and 107 Sunday, with low temperatures generally hovering in the mid to upper 70s all week.

In the Coachella Valley, 110 is predicted to be the average high this week, though in some locations, the mercury is expected to climb well into the 110s from Tuesday to Sunday, with lows in the upper 80s, according to the NWS.

In the Temecula Valley, the highs will approach 100 every day starting Wednesday and continuing into the weekend, with lows around 70, forecasters said.

Highs in San Bernardino were forecast to be 103 on Tuesday, 106 Wednesday, 107 Thursday, 104 Friday, and 107 Saturday and Sunday.

[related_articles location=”left” show_article_date=”false” article_type=”automatic-primary-tag”]

In Ontario, it will be 98 on Tuesday, 103 Wednesday, 102 Thursday, 100 Friday, 104 Saturday and 106 Sunday.

Mountain areas will be cooler. In Big Bear, the Tuesday high is predicted to be 81, with the high reaching 83 Wednesday, 82 Thursday, 83 Friday, 82 Saturday and 81 Sunday.

Staff Writer Steven Rosenberg contributed to this report.

Climate change is intensifying the water cycle, bringing more powerful storms and flooding via Red, Green, and Blue

Powerful storm systems triggered flash flooding across the U.S. in late July, inundating St. Louis neighborhoods with record rainfall and setting off mudslides in eastern Kentucky, where at least 16 people died in flooding. Another deluge in Nevada flooded the Las Vegas strip.

https://www.kentucky.com/news/state/kentucky/article263921716.html/video-embed

Mathew BarlowUMass Lowell
The Conversation

The impact of climate change on extreme water-related events like this is becoming increasingly evident. The storms in the U.S. followed extreme flooding this summer in India and Australia and last year in Western Europe.

Studies by scientists around the world show that the water cycle has been intensifying and will continue to intensify as the planet warms. An international climate assessment I coauthored in 2021 for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change lays out the details.

It documented an increase in both wet extremes, including more intense rainfall over most regions, and dry extremes, including drying in the Mediterranean, southwestern Australia, southwestern South America, South Africa and western North America. It also shows that both wet and dry extremes will continue to increase with future warming.

Why is the water cycle intensifying?

Water cycles through the environment, moving between the atmosphere, ocean, land and reservoirs of frozen water. It might fall as rain or snow, seep into the ground, run into a waterway, join the ocean, freeze or evaporate back into the atmosphere. Plants also take up water from the ground and release it through transpiration from their leaves. In recent decades, there has been an overall increase in the rates of precipitation and evaporation.

A number of factors are intensifying the water cycle, but one of the most important is that warming temperatures raise the upper limit on the amount of moisture in the air. That increases the potential for more rain.

https://datawrapper.dwcdn.net/GynkN/8/

This aspect of climate change is confirmed across all of our lines of evidence discussed in the IPCC report. It is expected from basic physics, projected by computer models, and it already shows up in the observational data as a general increase of rainfall intensity with warming temperatures.

Understanding this and other changes in the water cycle is important for more than preparing for disasters. Water is an essential resource for all ecosystems and human societies, and particularly agriculture.

What does this mean for the future?

An intensifying water cycle means that both wet and dry extremes and the general variability of the water cycle will increase, although not uniformly around the globe.

Rainfall intensity is expected to increase for most land areas, but the largest increases in dryness are expected in the Mediterranean, southwestern South America and western North America.

Maps showing precipitation projections and warming projections at 1.5 and 3 degrees Celsius.
Annual average precipitation is projected to increase in many areas as the planet warms, particularly in the higher latitudes. (IPCC Sixth Assessment Report)

Globally, daily extreme precipitation events will likely intensify by about 7% for every 1 degree Celsius (1.8 degrees Fahrenheit) that global temperatures rise.

Many other important aspects of the water cycle will also change in addition to extremes as global temperatures increase, the report shows, including reductions in mountain glaciers, decreasing duration of seasonal snow cover, earlier snowmelt and contrasting changes in monsoon rains across different regions, which will impact the water resources of billions of people.

What can be done?

One common theme across these aspects of the water cycle is that higher greenhouse gas emissions lead to bigger impacts.

The IPCC does not make policy recommendations. Instead, it provides the scientific information needed to carefully evaluate policy choices. The results show what the implications of different choices are likely to be.

One thing the scientific evidence in the report clearly tells world leaders is that limiting global warming to the Paris Agreement target of 1.5 C (2.7 F) will require immediate, rapid and large-scale reductions in greenhouse gas emissions.

Regardless of any specific target, it is clear that the severity of climate change impacts are closely linked to greenhouse gas emissions: Reducing emissions will reduce impacts. Every fraction of a degree matters.

https://www.kentucky.com/news/state/kentucky/article263961796.html/video-embed

This is an updated version of an article originally published on Aug 9, 2021.

Mathew Barlow, Professor of Climate Science, UMass Lowell

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

AlgiKnit’s seaweed-sourced materials could mend the textile industry’s toxic habits via TechCrunch

AlgiKnit is on a mission to offer more environmentally conscious materials for the heavily polluting fashion and textile industries. The startup is developing materials from seaweeds such as Macrocystis pyrifera, one of the planet’s most renewable and regenerative organisms, creating yarns and fibers that don’t rely on petroleum or toxic chemicals. Aleks GosiewskiAaron Nesser and Tessa Callaghan found the materials being used in the textile industry were incredibly harmful to the environment and ultimately found it difficult to reconcile after working in fashion in different capacities. This prompted the question: Is there a way to design better products and more sustainable materials themselves? And thus, the trio founded AlgiKnit in 2017. “Giant kelp doesn’t rely on harmful fertilizers and pesticides to grow, does not necessitate the use of arable land or fresh water and efficiently sequesters CO2 from the ocean,” AlgiKnit CEO and co-founder Tessa Callaghan told TechCrunch. Today, AlgiKnit said it has raised a $13 million Series A led by Collaborative Fund, with participation from H&M CO: LAB (the investment arm of H&M Group), Starlight Ventures, Third Nature Ventures, as well as previous backers Horizons Ventures and SOSV. The startup says its goal is to provide designers and brands with the tools and materials necessary to create a sustainable future for people and the planet. The company is primarily focused on B2B sales and relationships. Generally, fibers and yarns including AlgiKnit’s can be used throughout multiple applications and form factors like knit and woven goods, according to Callaghan. Uses for its materials could include apparel, interiors, furnishings and automotive, Callaghan added. “Sustainability is no longer a luxury; it has become a requirement,” Callaghan said. “We hear this sentiment expressed by brands across a wide range of industries, and it speaks to the scale of impact we need to achieve.” With the latest funding, AlgiKnit will accelerate to scale its production capabilities and bring its material to the world. In addition, the startup plans to increase its team, currently 20 people, and is actively hiring for 10 new roles at its headquarters in North Carolina. The funding also will help AlgiKnit invest in its manufacturing and R&D divisions. “The textile industry is responsible for as much as 8% of the world’s CO2 emissions — in addition to being massively polluting and water-intensive,” partner at Collaborative Fund Sophie Bakalar said in a statement. “We’re thrilled to be leading AlgiKnit’s Series A round and to be investing in a technology that is pushing the world towards a more sustainable future.” In June, the company opened its new manufacturing facility in the Research Triangle area in North Carolina. AlgiKnit says it sought to minimize its construction footprint by outfitting its 15,000-square-foot expansion with upcycled materials and second-hand furniture. “The building process was predicated on creating a vibrant, innovative working environment without compromising our commitment to the planet,” said co-founder and COO of AlgiKnit Aleksandre Gosiewski, who led the company’s expansion to North Carolina. “From utilizing an existing space that met our specifications to reusing and repurposing as much as we possibly could, sustainability was always top of mind.” “With the opening of our new facility in the Research Triangle area of North Carolina, we are focused on expanding our production capabilities, partnerships and team to address global demand more quickly,” Callaghan said. “This is a huge next step in bringing this technology to scale and creating positive, tangible change for the planet.” AlgiKnit has raised a total of $17.9 million to dateAlgiKnit’s seaweed-sourced materials could mend the textile industry’s toxic habits — TechCrunch

Project raises $2.5M for national parks via Marin Independent Journal

Keith Eshelman, who grew up in Mill Valley, co-founded the company that turns merchandise sales into restoration funds for treasured U.S. landmarks.

Marin roots: Project raises $2.5M for national parks — Marin Independent Journal

Visitors stroll through redwoods at Muir Woods National Monument on Monday, Nov. 25, 2019. (Alan Dep/Marin Independent Journal)Parks Project shirts hang at the Muir Woods National Monument gift shop on Friday, May 27, 2022. The Parks Project was co-founded by Keith Eshelman, who grew up in Mill Valley. (Alan Dep/Marin Independent Journal)Muir Woods visitors eat outside the Muir Woods Trading Co. on Friday, Jan, 27, 2017. (Alan Dep/Marin Independent Journal)Parks Project merchandise, including camp chairs and enamelware, are displayed at Proof Lab in Mill Valley on Friday, May 27, 2022. The Parks Project was co-founded by Keith Eshelman, who grew up in Mill Valley. (Alan Dep/Marin Independent Journal)

Growing up in his hometown of Mill Valley, Keith Eshelman was no stranger to the bounty of national and state parkland in his backyard — whether it was mountain biking on Mount Tamalpais or surfing at Fort Cronkhite in the Marin Headlands. But he said it was a trip to Big Sur later in his life as a married man and new father that brought the full realization of how years of underfunding and neglect were taking their toll on America’s cherished landscapes. The trail closures and degraded state of the parks were enough to convince him and his business partner to give up a steady full-time job at a shoe company to co-found the Parks Project in 2014 to raise funds for park restoration projects throughout the country. 

Keith Eshelman poses for a photo during a volunteer day at Yosemite National Park in Mariposa County in 2018. (Provided by Keith Eshelman)

Keith Eshelman participates in a volunteer event Yosemite National Park in Mariposa County in 2018. (Provided by Keith Eshelman)

“There was a sense of generations that set in,” Eshelman said. “We received our parks in a certain condition. What is it going to look like when my generation hands it down to the next? I later learned a lot of those trails that I hike on are maintained by volunteers, so that was my catalyst moment to get involved in parks.” The Parks Project is best known for its line of apparel themed after national parks throughout the country. But Eshelman said the Parks Project initially began and still continues as a volunteer organizer for restoration projects such as clearing trails or funding a plant nursery for habitat restoration at Muir Woods National Monument, Muir Beach and surrounding areas. Eventually, the Parks Project tapped into Eshelman’s experience working at various clothing companies to launch a line of more stylized National Park apparel and merchandise. A third of the profits is donated to organizations and nonprofits such as the Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy, with more than $2.5 million having been raised for more than 50 organizations since 2016. “We know parks want more volunteers, want more exposure of these projects, they want more donations and engagement in the next generation,” Eshelman said. “We said we can sell products that can fund a project in a park.” “You couldn’t really find many national parks products outside of parks, and I think we made a better product,” he said. “We tried to make a cool product that would last longer and not just be a gift shop item that was an impulse buy and you never use it again.” In the company’s humble beginnings, Eshelman said, he decided to focus on the California parks he knew and cherished — Point Reyes National Seashore, Muir Woods and Joshua Tree — but has since been expanding to parks throughout America. The first store to carry Parks Project apparel was Proof Lab in Mill Valley, which continues to sell it. Eshelman said the company’s break came in 2016 when it was able to run the whole merchandising for the centennial anniversary of the National Park Service. The company has since expanded its reach, with customers able to find its apparel at larger retailers such as REI and in park gift shops. “As we’ve grown, so have the donations,” Eshelman said. “We started out with some projects in Joshua Tree where we were funding the nursery in the park. Now we’re supporting some of their research efforts, and that’s some of where I’d like to go. Hopefully, the projects will change and tell new and interesting stories.” Mia Monroe, a former superintendent at Muir Woods, said any time a visitor pays a park fee, makes a reservation or purchases a gift at the visitor center, that funding goes directly back to the park. “It’s wonderful that there is that link that people can see by this and it is immediately transformed into restoration work or a new boardwalk or whatever it is,” Monroe said. The National Park Service has more than 420 sites throughout the country. It has long been underfunded by the federal government, especially over the last decade, said John Gardner, director of budget and appropriations at the National Parks Conservation Association, a nonprofit parks advocacy group. As a result, the park service is down by about 3,000 positions, from rangers to interpreters to historians, and has a backlog of nearly $22 billion in deferred maintenance, Gardner said. The lack of funding and staff, combined with a boom in park visitation since 2016, has strained park managers and staff. “What that has meant is that you have things like trail crews who are out maintaining bathrooms and changing the toilet paper,” Gardner said. “You’ve got resource specialists who instead of design resource or climate work, they’re out there helping park cars. They’re also short-staffed to do management planning or visitor plans to do what is strategic ways to figure out how to accommodate people.” [related_articles location=”left” show_article_date=”false” article_type=”automatic-primary-tag”] In recent years, however, Congress has passed several large funding bills to begin addressing the backlog. The Great American Outdoors Act of 2020 provides $9.5 billion over five years to repair roads, restrooms, trails and campgrounds at national parks. While Gardner said the bill provides a huge amount of funding, the backlog of work continues to grow with each year. Efforts are beginning in Congress to reauthorize the legislation and funding for another five years. “When you add all that up you still have facilities deteriorating,” Gardner said. “You put in a new water heater, your roof is still degrading. Across the road you may have some sketchy utility system. This is kind of the realization that’s becoming increasingly clear to Congress and the park service, that a lot more is needed.” The $1 trillion infrastructure bill will also provide funding for projects such as roads, bridges and tunnels along with shuttle service and cleanup of abandoned oil and gas wells next to parks, Gardner said. President Joe Biden’s budget proposal earlier this year also called for a 10% increase, or about $342 million, to the National Park Service to fill 1,500 vacant positions. “The recent successes with the Great American Outdoors Act and the infrastructure bill highlight the great and needed work that can be done with a bipartisan congressional commitment to our parks,” Gardner said. “Given the continuing disrepair, skyrocketing visitation, worrisome impacts, rampant understaffing and overdue needs to address climate, we hope that the Congress will continue to look at the importance of providing robust funding in future bills.”

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Shady practices: New mapping tool shows inequity of tree coverage in the metro — MinnPost

While ideal canopy cover is around 45 percent, according to the Metropolitan Council, different parts of the Twin Cities fall far above or below that, with neighborhoods that are whiter and wealthier tending to have more trees.

Shady practices: New mapping tool shows inequity of tree coverage in the metro — MinnPost

At town hall, Georgia Power customers ask for faster response to climate change via The Current

Georgia Power customers demand clean energy better rates at PSC town hall.

At town hall, Georgia Power customers ask for faster response to climate change — The Current

State regulators will hold hearings soon on Georgia Power’s energy plans for the next two decades. Those plans will dictate how quickly Georgia’s largest utility moves away from fossil fuels, affecting the state’s contribution to climate change and with repercussions for the coal and solar industries.

Before those hearings get started, the commissioners decided to hold a town hall – a departure from past planning processes, where public comment was allowed at the beginning of the official proceedings.

The Thursday town hall was open to anyone with a comment or a question on anything the Georgia Public Service Commission regulates, including natural gas companies and landline telephones, but the vast majority of the people there wanted to talk about electricity.

A couple were there to say they want to see coal plants stay open.

“These plants have been the workhorses of Georgia’s economy for longer than many of us have been around,” said Jathan Turner, an industrial journeyman mechanic electrician and assistant business manager of IBEW Local 84, which represents electrical workers in the state. “Not only are they critical to baseload generation, but they also make up an important part of the tax base in communities where they operate.”

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Georgia Power’s Plant Bowen, near Cartersville, is one of the largest coal-fired plants in the country.

But most were more in line with what retired school librarian Barbara Powell-Schager shared.

“It’s really important for us to make this quick transition to solar and wind in order for us to not experience the worst effects of climate change,” she said.

Doctor Preeti Jaggi, a pediatrician from Decatur, said her patients are already affected by climate change, and Atlanta is projected to have many more very hot days per year.

“This is particularly difficult for the elderly, this is particularly infants and for teenagers,” she said. “We want these teens to be outside, experiencing life outside safely.” 

Georgia Power has proposed closing its remaining coal units and adding solar power, though there can be a gap between what the utility proposes in its Integrated Resource Plan and what the PSC ultimately signs off on.

Solar supporters also pushed at the town hall to expand a program that makes rooftop solar panels a better deal for homeowners. While Georgia is a top-ten state for solar in the country, most of that is in large solar farms, and rooftop solar on homes and businesses has been slow to expand.

Rooftop solar installation in the Savannah area. Credit: Creative Solar USA

And then there were bills.

“You can’t hear people’s pain,” said Deborah Opie, with Georgia Conservation Voters. “You have organizations like mine, you have churches that constantly cover and help people maintain their services. There is a gap, and there could possibly even be a gulf where people fall through the cracks.”

There is a federally funded program that helps people pay their bills. Opie said some people may not be poor enough to qualify for it, but still need that help. She said people she’s talked to people who use less energy by cooking less or lowering their thermostats in the winter, or who skip buying medications to pay their bills instead.

“Seniors are suffering unnecessarily,” Gloria Woods said to the commissioners. “You have heard the stories. You know gas and food is at an all-time high.”

She said, she thinks the commissioners should lower Georgia Power bills with programs to help people use less energy, by reigning in the costs of the new nuclear power units at Plant Vogtle and by stopping the practice of charging a reconnection fee, after people’s power gets shut off.

The hearings on Georgia Power’s long-range energy plan begin in a couple weeks. Later this year the commissioners will take on rates.

Creating a safe environment via YiYar Blog

Safe family environment is the base of developming child.

Motor Domain | Creating a safe environment — YiYar Blog

RE: Business plans for Today’s Workforce

I analyzed what 250 working participants do for a living. Here are the results:

The breakdown per job type and industry. Business plans that work:

via Joseph Mavericks

Image by author

Aaron Vankampen is a 25-year old TikTok star who knocks on mansion doors and asks their owners what they do for a living. He also recompiles his short formats into longer Youtube videos titled “Asking crazy homeowners what they do for a living”. Once in a while, he’ll ask if he can come in and take a few shots of the house, and people will sometimes say yes.

Even better, people sometimes agree to an interview with him, and they’ll have him over at their house to answer questions everyone wants to ask them: how they got successful, what their best tips are, how long it took them to hit it big…

Daniel Mac is a Youtube who does the same thing with car owners, sometimes also asking them what their first job was, and if they ever went to college. I find this type of content inspiring for entrepreneurs in general because it gives a clear idea of what’s possible if you decide to go your own way, in any industry and at any age. There’s no rule for success as long as you’re willing to put in the work, and the people featured in the videos are living proof of that.

With that in mind, I went back and watched over 250 of Vankampen and Mac’s short videos and took note of each profession mentioned. I then analyzed the data and categorized all the answers per job type/industry. This gives a clear picture of where the money is at in our current economy.

In this article, I’ll quickly cover the ups and down of each industry, as well as what its future looks like in 2022 in beyond. Whether you’re an aspiring entrepreneur or own an established business, I hope you find this inspiring.

Note: I did not include unclear answers and/or people who inherited their wealth. The goal here is to only include serious answers and legitimate ways of becoming a successful entrepreneur.

Business owner — 24.8%

By far the most popular way to become financially independent is to create and develop your own business. You not only get to create your own success story, but you also choose how you want to work and the people you want to work with. Although popular, this approach is not easy at all, because it requires you to step out of the ordinary path. Becoming an entrepreneur usually means working for free for a very long time before getting a salary, and failing many, many times. The key is to always get back up.

For these reasons, many entrepreneurs will give up before becoming successful. Some are just not cut for it and will fare better in the comfort of an office job. Others may decide to get back to entrepreneurship later in life. Regardless, keep in mind that the rewards of the entrepreneurship path are directly proportional to its difficulty. As long as you keep pushing, you’ll get closer to reaping the rewards of your hard labor. You have to think long-term.

A lot of people mentioned owning a franchise as a great business: 7–11, McDonald’s, Gyms… Many people also mentioned online retail: cannabis was mentioned a lot, but also apparel. Businesses related to housing and construction also seemed to be very successful: independent architects and interior designers mainly.

Getting started

Because of the major shifts in the economy following the coronavirus pandemic, entrepreneurship will most likely keep rising in 2022. With the surge in remote work, more than 50% of companies are started from home. People are looking for alternatives to a regular paycheck from a boss. In 2021, 64% of small enterprises started with a $10,000 capital.

This means you don’t need to quit your job, go broke and/or find investors to get started. Starting a website or even an online store is done in a matter of hours. In the US and most European countries, you can start a company with as little as $1. You don’t have to be excellent at design either. Here are 2 examples of businesses run by mansion owners that don’t look that great but make millions:

Real estate — 16.5%

Real estate has been booming all over the world for nearly a decade now. Many anticipated a slow down in the gold rush, but so far the market is not showing any signs of exhaustion. The US house price index percentage shot from around 80% to 193% in the past 10 years. The average price for homes has never been higher in many countries around the world, and it’s made some people a lot of money. The craziest cars and houses featured in Aaron Vankampen’s videos are definitely the ones of people who work in real estate.

The real estate business is in theory really simple: find a home seller, find him a buyer, and keep a portion of the price as your commission. A real estate commission typically ranges from 5 to 6%, in the US and elsewhere. Keep in mind that the commission is usually split between the seller’s agent and the buyer’s agent. The luxury real estate market can be very lucrative but also very competitive because only a few people can afford houses worth millions of dollars. There are many real estate agents for very few sellers and buyers, and this makes for a field that’s very hard to enter as a new player.

In 2022, Zillow predicts home values will rise by 11% on average. The Federal Reserve is expected to raise interest rates to fight inflation, which usually contributes to a decrease in people willing to buy property. For luxury real estate (where the big money is), the main hurdle will remain low inventory. In September 2021, there were 36% more luxury homes sold than new inventory entering the market. That being said, the target audience has increased in size. More than 5 million people became millionaires across the world in 2020 despite the pandemic, and more than 1% of adults became millionaires for the first time.

Getting started

Getting your real estate license takes anywhere between 40 and 150 hours of studying and costs from $300 to $1,000. In the US, some states have online courses, but most of them require you to complete the final exam in person. In 2019–2020, real estate agents earned an average of $83,886 so you’ll have to rank in the top tier of the job if you want to make even more money there.

High-paying office job — 13.8%

This category includes a lot of lawyers, CEOs, and high-ranked managers in general. Government jobs were also mentioned a few times, as well as high positions in the oil and gas industry. The high-paying 9–5 option is one of the most reliable ones to become financially secure because it doesn’t require you to step out of the ordinary path.

Getting started

If you focus on being good in school, studying well, getting a good job, and outperforming your peers, you’ll most likely succeed and make more money than average. The upside of this approach is that it’s safe, and you also get a somewhat guaranteed pension/retirement account for your old days. You also get vacation days and the money keeps coming in even if you can’t work because you’re sick. Maybe you even get health and dental insurance from your employer.

The downside of this approach is that you always work for someone above you, and this means you’re not the master of your time. Many highly paid 9–5 employees have to stay late in the office, attend meetings at odd hours of the day and work on the weekends instead of seeing their families.

That being said, office work has become increasingly flexible due to the Covid pandemic. All around the globe, companies started caring less if you show up at the office, and more if you put in the work and get results. As usual, the big players in the field are the most ahead. Facebook will let all employees who can work away from the office do so after the Covid pandemic is over. Microsoft has also announced plans to let employees work from home permanently. Working from home for an employer while being able to manage your time freely will be one of the most impactful factors in the entrepreneurship world in 2022 and beyond.

Entertainment — 12.2%

Although now taking up only 12% of the pie, this category will increase in size over the coming years. Content creation platforms like Youtube, Patreon, or Skillshare have never hosted as many creators and users as today. Youtube has more than 2 billion logged-in monthly users. Its ad revenue amounted to over $5 billion in 2021. Patreon had more than 200K creators with at least 1 patron in September 2021, and it awarded more than $2 billion in earnings during the same year. Top teachers on Skillshare earn $3,000 per month on average.

That being said, the big bucks in entertainment are not only found in content creation, but also in setting up, organizing, and taking part in events and venues. The entertainment folks who responded to the question “What do you do for a living?” mentioned things like:

  • Music producer
  • Musician
  • Festival and concert organizer
  • Singer

Getting started

With the pandemic, the entertainment industry has taken a massive hit, and you’re more likely to be successful on content creation platforms for now. Youtube requires its creators to clock in 4,000 hours of watch time and 10,000 subscribers before being able to apply for their ad revenue sharing program. Whatever industry you decide to tackle, content creation is a long-term game, and you have to be willing to work for free for a long time before seeing your first dollars.

Health sector — 8.7%

A lot of jobs in the health sector require many years of study. Although these jobs will usually lead to very high salaries, keep in mind that you usually don’t choose how much you make. You’re paid a salary by the organization which you work for (often a hospital) or if you have your own practice you can’t raise prices indefinitely. Unlike in other businesses where you can increase your number of customers using advertising or expanding across the country/world, medical practices are usually limited to a neighborhood or a city.

Getting started

The path to get to a top-earning health job is pretty straightforward: get good grades, get in a top school, be excellent at what you do, open your practice and get clients.

Here are a few of the professions mentioned in the health sector, along with their average salaries in the US. It is worth noting that somebody mentioned owning 4 different dental practices.

Investments — 7.1%

2021 was the big year for cryptocurrency. It is estimated there are now as many as 100,000 people who own $1 million or more in Bitcoin. A lot of people also made millions off Dogecoin, Shiba Inu, and other meme coins.

However, there are two main dangers with cryptocurrency. The first one is its insane volatility. You shouldn’t invest in cryptocurrency unless you can afford to lose the money, because you likely will. Meme coins especially are notorious for exploding in value then being worth nothing in a matter of weeks.

The second danger is scammers. With so many people interested in cryptocurrency, it’s easy for scammers to blend in and either hack accounts or trick people into sending them money. FTC data released in May 2021 shows that 7,000 “investors” lost more than $80 million in crypto scams.

Getting started

A safer way to make money investing is to look into the stock market. Although they probably won’t make you a millionaire, index funds like the S&P500 or Vanguard Russell 1000 have proven safe and reliable over the years. Most people who make a ton of money on the stock market do it by getting lucky with one investment, or by investing other people’s money and taking a commission on successful trades. In fact, 4 people mentioned “making money for other people” as their occupation.

Remember that most traders go broke, because timing the market is an extremely difficult game to play. Unless you’re willing to study how the economy works for a long time and understand how the different factors in play react together, don’t expect any results from this. Principles by Ray Dalio is a great book to get started.

Tech sales — 6.7%

Here are the top 10 largest companies in the world as of December 2021:

  • Apple Inc.
  • Microsoft Corp.
  • Alphabet Inc.
  • Saudi Arabian Oil Co.
  • Amazon.com Inc.
  • Tesla Inc.
  • Meta Platforms Inc. (Facebook)
  • NVIDIA Corp.
  • Berkshire Hathaway Inc.
  • Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. Ltd.

Notice anything? Except for 3 companies, they’re all part of the tech industry. The surge in online teaching/meetings due to Covid, the rise in people with access to the internet, and the rise in more affordable electronic devices are all indicators that the tech industry is still a hot market. It is expected to be worth $5.3 trillion in 2022. Another factor helped boost the importance of the tech industry in 2021, and especially of IT security sales: cyber attacks.

In July 2021, 500 supermarkets in Sweden were forced to close due to a virus affecting their whole IT infrastructure. While it managed to recover, the retail chain lost millions in the process.

In May of the same year, a group of hackers breached Colonial Pipeline’s systems and shut down a major fuel supply for the East Coast. It cost the company $4.4 million in ransom money.

With such dramatic financial consequences, businesses are willing to spend more money than ever on keeping their tech infrastructure safe. How much money? Global cybersecurity spending is expected to exceed $1.75 trillion from 2021–2025.

Getting started

You don’t have to get top-level education to get started in tech, but you have to study hard one way or another. Whether you decide to become an expert in a specific coding language or one in server security infrastructures, you have to be better than others somewhere. The nice thing about this industry is that it covers so many different areas that there are still plenty of opportunities for newcomers, the hard thing about it is that it’s a very complex and deep field of expertise.

Engineer — 5.1%

The world around us is constantly getting more and more complex, so we need engineers to run it. Again, engineering jobs are usually 9–5 jobs. These people work for a boss, put in long hours, and probably work on the weekends. The entry salary for such positions is usually higher than average but won’t get you a mansion. The only way to get in the top-earning category of those jobs is to work harder than your competition.

Getting started

Like with office jobs, the path to become a top engineer is relatively straightforward: be great in school and excel at your job. Here are the average salaries for the top 10% in each of the engineering jobs mentioned in the videos:

  • Chemical engineer: $168,960
  • Software engineer: $170,100
  • Electrical engineer: $159,520
  • Mechanical engineer: $141,060
  • Biomedical engineer: $149,440

Other — 5.1%

Here is a quick list of random jobs mentioned by some people.

  • Personal shopper
  • Human organs business
  • Writing camps for children
  • Baby photographer
  • Recovery camps for addicts

Conclusion

I thought I’d end this article by listing down some of the answers people had to the question “What was your first job?”:

  • Pizza delivery guy
  • McDonald’s
  • Bagging groceries for customers
  • Putting stuff on shelves at a grocery store

A lot of the people in the videos generally recommend staying in school, going to college, and getting an education. You don’t have to follow the “classic path” to become successful, but getting educated is the most reliable way to get a shot at making good money in life. It will give you a strong foundation for prosperity.

I hope you found this article inspiring, and I wish you great success in your entrepreneurial journey.

Thanks a lot for reading! I interviewed 50 productivity/business experts and made a 150+ page guide out of the project. This is road-tested advice from real people who get things done. Get it for free here.Entrepreneur’s Handbook

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Public education is sexual free for all facing a crisis of epic proportions via Yahoo

How about focusing on what the children are doing with their hands rather than the sexual aspects of what they are putting between their legs, in their anus and in their mouths?

Public education is facing a crisis unlike anything in decades, and it reaches into almost everything that educators do: from teaching math, to counseling anxious children, to managing the building. (Getty Images) (Getty Images/iStockphoto)

Laura MecklerSun, January 30, 2022, 9:34 AM·15 min read

Test scores are down, and violence is up. Parents are screaming at school boards, and children are crying on the couches of social workers. Anger is rising. Patience is falling.

For public schools, the numbers are all going in the wrong direction. Enrollment is down. Absenteeism is up. There aren’t enough teachers, substitutes or bus drivers. Each phase of the pandemic brings new logistics to manage, and Republicans are planning political campaigns this year aimed squarely at failings of public schools.

Subscribe to The Post Most newsletter for the most important and interesting stories from The Washington Post.

Public education is facing a crisis unlike anything in decades, and it reaches into almost everything that educators do: from teaching math, to counseling anxious children, to managing the building.

Video: Parents fear the omicron surge could mean another lost school year

Parents fear the omicron surge could mean another lost school year

Now entering a third academic year disrupted by the pandemic, and in the midst of another covid-19 wave, parents, students and teachers are near a breaking point.

Political battles are now a central feature of education, leaving school boards, educators and students in the crosshairs of culture warriors. Schools are on the defensive about their pandemic decision-making, their curriculums, their policies regarding race and racial equity and even the contents of their libraries. Republicans – who see education as a winning political issue – are pressing their case for more “parental control,” or the right to second-guess educators’ choices. Meanwhile, an energized school choice movement has capitalized on the pandemic to promote alternatives to traditional public schools.

“The temperature is way up to a boiling point,” said Nat Malkus, senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, a conservative-leaning think tank. “If it isn’t a crisis now, you never get to crisis.”

Experts reach for comparisons. The best they can find is the earthquake following Brown vs. Board of Education, when the Supreme Court ordered districts to desegregate and White parents fled from their cities’ schools. That was decades ago.Story continuesOur goal is to create a safe and engaging place for users to connect over interests and passions. In order to improve our community experience, we are temporarily suspending article commentinghttps://openweb.jac.yahoosandbox.com/0.8.1/safeframe.html

Math 101-Life Expectancy is Higher in Countries with High School Skills Training.

Life expectancy is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expected to live, based on the year of its birth, its current age and other demographic factors including gender. There is a direct correlation between higher income equality, higher life expectancies, less crime, and lower incarceration rates. AKA: Working with your hands.

A true story of preparing for life expectancy within a timely manner: A newborn male is expected to live to be 76 in the U.S., which is less than the age the life expectancy calculator gave me, so I guess that I am lucky.  They gave me 9 more years, allowing me to live to be 77, but since I am not ready to go just yet, I think that I will stick around.  The average American now lives to 88 and I would be happy with that number, as I know that my body is deteriorating.  They say it is always good to get a second opinion, so I looked at another lifespan site and now I will supposedly to live to be 82.  I guess it is about time for me to put together a bucket list, as that is what old people do.

Last week we had It Is About Time where the theme was songs that feature songs that feature the lyrics of either Past, Present, or Future.  This week the theme is songs that feature the lyrics of either Birth, Death, or Life.  Take some time to read the posts of other bloggers who respond to this music challenge, and even better, read as many of them as you are able to as you will probably find many enjoyable songs and it is quite possibly that you will learn a thing or two.  Share your music with others and post a video, try do some research and let everyone know something about the song that you post.  Tell everyone why you like the song, whether it was a hit, or what you think the song is about.  Show the lyrics, let’s all listen to our favorite songs and explore some new music.  Try to find a song that fits the theme, then write your post and create a pingback, or you can just place your link in the comments section.

Here are the “rules”:
• Try to use the prompt words or at least conform to a general theme, as you see it.  If the song you select does not meet the criteria, then please explain why you chose this song.
• It would be good if you could post the lyrics to the song of your choice, as this is helpful for the people that want to follow along with the music.
• Please try to include the songwriter(s) – it’s a good idea to give credit where credit is due. It would also be a good idea to give credit to the singer and the band associated with your song.
• Your post can be as long or as short as you want it to be, but please try not to include too many videos as that just makes it take longer to look at all of the other posts.
• Link to the YouTube video, or pull it into your post so others can listen to the song.
• Ping back to this post or place your link in the comments section below.
• Read at least one other person’s blog, so we can all share new and fantastic music and create amazing new blogging friends in the process.
• Feel free to suggest future prompts.
• Have fun and enjoy the music.

I am writing about the song ‘Let It Be Me’ by The Everly Brothers today.  Next week, I will be writing about the Barrett Strong song ‘I’m Gonna Cry (If You Quit Me)’.  The upcoming prompts will be:
November 21, 2021 – Lion, Tiger, Bear, Eagle, Shark suggested by Paula of Light Motifs II
November 28, 2021 – School, College, Education, Class, Degree suggested by Paula of Light Motifs II
December 5, 2021 – House, Room, Kitchen, Shower, Attic suggested by Paula of Light Motifs II
December 12, 2021 – songs with Nonsense lyrics suggested by Amy Braun, ai love music aisasami

44 COMMENTSLoad more comments (Showing 15 of 44)Follow conversation

  1. SONG LYRIC SUNDAY – The big D word. – Tales from the mind of Kristian
  2. It’s My Life – Song Lyric Sunday – Birth/Life/Death | teleportingweena
  3. glyn40wiltonHave we seen the last of Pink Floyd as a band? There is still hope.https://www.youtube.com/embed/WAUiHImStdI?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=en&autohide=2&wmode=transparentWhere were you when I was burned and broken?
    While the days slipped by from my window watching
    And where were you when I was hurt and I was helpless?
    ‘Cause the things you say and the things you do surround me
    While you were hanging yourself on someone else’s words
    Dying to believe in what you heard
    I was staring straight into the shining sunLost in thought and lost in time
    While the seeds of life and the seeds of change were planted
    Outside, the rain fell dark and slow
    While I pondered on this dangerous but irresistible pastime
    I took a heavenly ride through our silence
    I knew the moment had arrived
    For killing the past and coming back to lifeI took a heavenly ride through our silence
    I knew the waiting had begun
    And headed straight into the shining sunSource: MusixmatchSongwriters: David GilmourComing Back to Life lyrics © Pink Floyd Music Publisher, Pink Floyd Music Publr., Inc.2Likes
    1. newepicauthorglyn40wiltonPink Floyd has not released an album since 1994, but I think that they are still around as a band. Nice choice Glyn.1Like
      1. glyn40wiltonnewepicauthorDrummer, Nick Mason is touring and playing Pink Floyd’s early material. The album is really good.1Like
    2. TheHiddenEdgeglyn40wiltonLoved this – thanks for sharing Glyn.1Like
  4. What Would Life Be – A Unique Title For Me
  5. #SLS – 11/14/21 – J-Dubs Grin and Bear It
  6. Black Star (Song Lyric Sunday) – Laura McHarrie @ The Hidden Edge
  7. Life Has A Funny Way Of Helping You Out – LADY LEWIS
  8. Lady ASorry I am so late tagging my post Jim. We had a tough day.1Like
    1. newepicauthorLady AThat is fine as I am one of your followers and I read your post a while back I hope that your day gets better soon.Like
      1. Lady AnewepicauthorWe had to take a dear friend into hospital. Rather distressing Jim. Not easy to see people you love suffer like that.1Like
  9. Song Lyric Sunday – Stine Writing
  10. Born to Die – Lana Del Rey – Donetta Writes

Human-induced Climate Change is Warming the Oceans via Patricia’s Friendly Blog

Corals have been in the news lately.  A new species of soft coral, Pseudumbellula scotiae, has been discovered by scientists working for Marine Scotland.  It was discovered at a depth of around 2,000 meters in the North Atlantic.

Another exciting discovery is of a “pristine” deep sea coral reef near Tahiti in French Polynesia.

This reef is described as looking like a “bed of roses “.  Its wide, flattish shape is believed to be for catching as much sunlight as possible at a depth of 30 meters, the “twilight” zone of the ocean.   This new coral reef was found by researchers who are part of the Seabed 2030 Project.

122876511_reefs-2-1

References

Giant pristine coral reef discovered off Tahiti.  Victoria Gill.  BBC Online, Jan 20, 2022.

https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-60047368.

New deep sea soft coral discovered.  Marine Scotland.  Reported by BBC Online, Jan 12, 2022. BBC(link)

Corals have been in the news lately.  A new species of soft coral, Pseudumbellula scotiae, has been discovered by scientists working for Marine Scotland.  It was discovered at a depth of around 2,000 meters in the North Atlantic. Another exciting discovery is of a “pristine” deep sea coral reef near Tahiti in French Polynesia. This […]

Coral Discoveries — Patricia’s Friendly Blog

Last year, Australia downgraded the Great barrier Reef’s 5-year outlook from poor to very poor.  The major problem is human-induced climate change warming the oceans.

A Rapidly Rising Global Population Raises Economic and Environmental Questions?

We are 1 of over 800 million species that occupy, and once occupied, the planet we call earth. Our collective existence on the planet is about 0.115% of Earth’s total lifespan Our impact far exceeds any other species to date, via Simthesis’s Blog

The Petra in Jordan 🇯🇴 https://www.coffeewithasliceoflife.com/petra-by-night/

In May 2019 the twenty-nine members of the Anthropocene Working Group (AWG) proposed a start date for the Epoch in the mid-twentieth century, as that period saw “a rapidly rising human population accelerated the pace of industrial production, the use of agricultural chemicals and other human activities.

The Earth’s 4.6 billion year tenure has witnessed millions of cataclysmic moments, tremendous volatility and multiple extinction events that give way to new life forms. The delicate conditions that make Earth conducive for life to thrive are an inconspicuous ongoing process that shapes the entire biosphere. They are Earth’s orbital and rotational spin, solar radiation distribution, the atmosphere and Earth’s positioning in the solar system. 

The latter describes a seamlessly symphonic manner in which life was shaped and formed. Any miniscule disruption to this system would result in large scale extinction and world wide catastrophe in ways we have never seen before. Planet Earth has a chaotic and violent history which underwent at least 5 mass extinctions, some extinctions predate the dinosaurs and through it all Earth stood tall. 

Iceland’s manmade Blue Lagoon 🇮🇸
https://www.businessinsider.com/icelands-blue-lagoon-man-made-2017-11?IR=T

To generate a broader context to this, the planet has witnessed 3 eons, 3 eras (under the Phanerozoic Eon), 11 periods and 7 epochs. The latest called the Holocene which started 10 000 years ago and is epitomized by the evolution of modern humans namely Homo sapiens sapiens. A distinct note worth mentioning is that our ancient ancestors, prehistoric humans, appeared in the mid to late Pleistocene epoch about 100 000 years ago in the form of various hominid species. Astonishingly this means that there was more than one species of human beings on the planet in different regions during this window. 

Modern humans emerge as the major survivors at the start of the Holocene epoch largely due the global geological changes imposed by the end of the last ice age. The sudden global increase in temperatures meant adaptation measures were imposed onto all living species. Key evolutionary adaptation techniques were necessary to out compete rival competitors and the conditions seemingly or rather thankfully favoured our first group of modern humans. The ability to use tools, grow crops and alter the environment to suit our conditions gave our ancestors a competitive edge. Rival hominid species probably struggled to adapt to the warmer temperatures and likely suffered bloody encounters with modern humans. Eventually they became the first victim of human induced extinction…nor would they be the last.

For thousands of years modern humans lived in harmony with nature. Subsistence living cultivated a culture of a minimalist mindset when it came to consumption. With the concept of money and unlimited wealth Unbeknown to them, people buttered for goods and services whilst existing in small village communities. Within 7000 years later, the human race was well in tune with the concept of harvesting goods from nature. The concept of trade, money (Gold, silver, bronze, iron) and travel at an intercommunity level was a set precursor to what would be the most dominant single species the earth has ever witnessed. 

The city of Doha, 🇶🇦
https://www.arrivalguides.com/en/Travelguides/Asia/Qatar/Doha/eating

Numerous wars were waged, empires were established, mass communities formed and humans would go on to invent incredible feats. But three inventions were most significant: fire, the wheel and ships. By the 12th century, human footprint was apparent and the mass exploitation of the ecosystem was epitomized by explorers’ reaching new pristine lands, and establishing gradual pillars of a global interconnected trade system, initiated by the spice trade and silk road routes. 

The most significant moment would come in the late 18th century when England experienced the first wave of factory mass industrialization. The early 19th century signaled a new official epoch in earth’s history. The Anthropocene Epoch, translating to the modern human era. This era is set aside for its significance in the humans ability to heavily extract from nature beyond control. Mankind partnering with machines to alter and subjugate the environment to suit his needs was a revolutionary step for both the planet, mankind and the entire biosphere.

Up until fire was discovered nearly all carbon dioxide emissions were swept up with utter speed by biological producers (Trees, plants, diatoms and photosynthetic algae & bacteria). The planet was largely on a carbon negative net balance during the ice age in the early to mid Holocene. But the balance would be quickly tipped to an overwhelming positive through the accelerated burning of coal, oil and trees. The natural carbon cycle of the ecosystem was officially altered and this would be the sad state of things to come beyond this point. 

Palm Jumeirah worlds largest man made islands, Dubai 🇦🇪
https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.cnn.com/travel/amp/dubai-palm-jumeirah-20-years-spc-intl/index.htmlhttps://www.google.com/amp/s/www.cnn.com/travel/amp/dubai-palm-jumeirah-20-years-spc-intl/index.html

We are currently living through the 6th major extinction event. Much like the early Pleistocene, global temperatures are on a sharp rise. But this time the sheer scale of the rise is not natural but artificially manufactured. Unlike the end of the Ice age, the rate of global warming is on an exponential rapid rise, not gradual. The rate of species extinctions is at its highest in human history. We are losing species faster than we can study them, mainly through habitat destruction and large-scale commercial pollution. We are single handedly devastating the entire global ecosystem in ways we could not fully comprehend on every ecological sphere. Air, oceans, land, none is spared. The industrial complex is systematically and efficiently decimating the planet’s sustainability pillars in the name of economic growth. 

The previous 5 extinction events resulted in over 90% of all living species wiped off the planet primarily due to a 10 degree global average temperature increase. Millions of volcanic chambers spewed various Greenhouse gases such as Sulphur dioxide (SO2), hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and carbon monoxide but carbon dioxide (CO2) was the main culprit at play in spiking global temperatures. The mass extinction took thousands of years to materialize. At our current rate of fossil fuel emission we would manage to achieve this level of extinction in less than 400 years of industrialization. 

City congestion in Kampala, 🇺🇬
https://www.theigc.org/blog/kampala-where-urbanisation-is-not-synonymous-with-industrialisation/

The Anthropocene age is largely driven by mass exponential consumerism leading to mass over harvesting and exploitation of the ecosystem in exchange for financial wealth and supreme mass decadence. Mass extraction, in the form of mining, commercial fishing and deforestation, lead to environmental crimes. The latter has shown to drastically eat away at our pristine quality of life, overall it is polluting our food, health, minds and facilitates the moral degeneration of society as a whole. It fosters a consumer based culture that reinforces the accumulation of material wealth in an attempt to fulfill inner void.

The disconnection between man and nature indirectly led to the formation of the novel sars-cov-2 (Corona) virus which has subjected us to the world’s first global pandemic. This is a sign of things to come in terms of how events will systematically unfold in the turn of the mid to late 21st century. The tell-tale signs of a global climate crisis were first detected in the late 1940s when climate scientists discovered that global temperatures and carbon dioxide pollution levels were consistently on a sharp rise. The more information was gathered, the more startled scientists became about this phenomenon. The first set of solar panels introduced to the world was in the late 1960s. The technology existed but sadly was suppressed by industry giants to buy more time. Unfortunately, it worked and now we are faced with a climate pandemic like no other. 

Coal mine field in Jharia 🇮🇳
https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.cnbc.com/amp/2015/12/02/indias-jharia-coal-field-has-been-burning-for-100-years.html

Climate Change cannot be defined as a single ‘natural’ disaster or a global pandemic wave like the COVID-19 outbreak. It is a culmination of natural disasters on excessive steroids collectively breaking down the wider interconnected ecosystem, to deliver the most devastating events simultaneously and continuously over multiple generations non-stop. Wave after wave of intense climate disasters, it will not simply pass and no miracle solutions from a lab can curb it. Once we are past the point of no return, the global devastation will be relentless to say the least. The only solution is prevention, proactively introducing means to curb Greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible. Delaying this (Climate action) will only push us to the pivotal point sooner. 

Contrary to popular belief, the dinosaurs were not the first living set of biota (living organisms) to face mass extinction. The Anthropocene era is another extinction phase, in which the Planet will eventually survive and reset over many decades and centuries long after humans have left (for extraterrestrial means). By continually plunging the ecosystems natural resources we are doing far more harm to our overall population fitness than the actual planet. No amount of money printing, political bureaucracy and exponential GDP growth will do us any good once the manure hits the fan.

Rooftop urban farming in Toronto 🇨🇦
https://continuing.ryerson.ca/public/category/courseCategoryCertificateProfile.do?method=load&certificateId=3820596

The problem is the unwillingness to work with nature and contribute to the seamless role of the symbiosis between humans and nature. Humans are part of the ecosystem and henceforth we are subject to the realms of biological and ecological set rules. Our normal interactions with nature can be significantly improved through simple acts stemming from awareness and being environmentally conscious. Choosing not to litter, separation of our waste, limiting energy consumption (while saving on electrical costs) at home. Showing a consumer preference for environmentally sustainable products & sharing awareness where possible. 

The onus is on us to play an active and collective role in becoming environmentally conscious because the mandate to save the planet and humanity is far too big to mandate solely to politicians and big businesses. Our industries and statesmen and women will not save us from this alone. A lot of work is being invested in the science community to reach the common citizen and children on how each can play their part. New research papers recommending solutions on the matter are published regularly and multinational conferences such as COP will go a long way to foster multilateral cooperation towards positive change. A coordinated strike against environmentally unethical corporations and the fossil fuel sectors is much needed along with a holistic approach to the wider society to ensure that prevention is a sure result. 

A renewable energy farm in Queensland 🇦🇺
https://www.accordelectrical.com.au/2021/06/30/queensland-commits-2bn-to-renewables/
Green hydrogen storage tanks in the 🇺🇸
https://www.nsenergybusiness.com/features/green-hydrogen-natural-gas/

Mankind remains unequivocally opposed at the peak of the planet’s food chain. Our devastation and subjugation of planet Earth is no longer in question. Our ambition for growth, trade and prosperity singled us out to be more than just a participatory species, but we have become an apex keystone player in all environments. The laws of nature do dictate that for every upward swing in population number, a mass decline is inevitable and humans – much like any other animal- will not be spared from this model. More can be done and more should be done by everyone because we are all beneficiaries of a burning planet knowingly or unknowingly. 

Conceptual design of the Mars space colony
https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.space.com/amp/41697-hp-mars-colony-challenge.html

Humans form part of a large variety of living organisms on the planet. We are 1 of over 800 million species that occupy, and once occupied, the planet we call earth. Our collective existence on the planet is about 0.115% of Earth’s total lifespan, making it hard to grasp the fact that our impact far […]

The Anthropocene epoch: The age of human kind. — simthesis’s Blog

Study: Meatless Diets Produce 59% Less Greenhouse Gas Emissions — Cooking with Kathy Man

Emily Baker wrote . . . . . . . . .

Diets rich in plants and low in red meat and sweet snacks produce less greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs), a new study into the effects of diet on the climate crisis has concurred.

Meat accounts for more than a quarter of diet-related emissions, the paper reads. Additionally, dairy made up 14 percent, with cakes and biscuits amounting to eight percent.

Plant-based diets triumphant

Upon comparing diets, researchers found that those who ate meat produced almost two-thirds more emissions than vegetarians.

The study is titled Variations in greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) of individual diets: Associations between the GHG and nutrient intake in the UK and available on Plos One.

And within it, authors urge for more stringent policies championing plant-based diets.

“Healthier diets had lower GHG emissions, demonstrating consistency between planetary and personal health,” it reads.

Diet and emissions

It’s not just emissions that diet affects. As the researchers outline here, our food choices contribute to air and water quality, soil health, biodiversity, all encapsulated within climate breakdown.

According to the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), animal agriculture is responsible for 14.5 percent of GHGs.

Other sources claim this number is far higher – at even 87 percent, as many argue figures don’t include the effect of land clearing for farming.

Source: Plant Based NewsAdvertisementshttps://c0.pubmine.com/sf/0.0.3/html/safeframe.htmlREPORT THIS AD

Is Eating Meat Worse Than Burning Oil?October 27, 2019In “Environment”

Does A Vegetarian Diet Contribute to Climate Change?December 26, 2015In “Food”

Link Between Processed Meat and Illness Sparks Calls for Integrated PolicyNovember 23, 2021In “Food”

Study: Meatless Diets Produce 59% Less Greenhouse Gas Emissions — Cooking with Kathy Man

Salty and Sustainable: Why Seaweed Farming Is Good for the Planet via Vancity Michelle

Beneath the choppy surface of British Columbia’s coastal waters, grow entire forests of a largely-untapped sustainable resource.

Seaweed.

Seaweed, also referred to as kelp, is the focus of a growing industry off the coast of Vancouver Island. While still in the early stages of development, this type of farming offers many environmental benefits on top of potential agricultural and industrial uses.

What Is Kelp Farming? 

Kelp farming is the process of growing and harvesting marine life such as fish, shellfish, plants and algae.

Kelp farming can grow vast amounts of seaweed within a very small footprint.

This “vertical farming” works by attaching thin lines of kelp seedlings to ropes which hang beneath moorings on the ocean’s surface. Thanks to the unfussy nature of kelp, very little work and attention is required once the seedlings are placed. Kelp farmers need only intermittently check on their lines, and within six month the kelp will be ready to harvest. 

Kelp can also be grown alongside oysters, clams and muscles. Baskets of shellfish are hung in tiers from the moorings, with kelp growing from the lines between the baskets. 

While kelp farming is relatively new to North America, an already booming industry exists in China’s Yellow Sea and other parts of Asia. Seaweed has long been a staple of Asian diets, and 99% of the world’s seaweed is currently grown there. 

The Benefits of Kelp Farming

The rapid growth rate of kelp along with it’s relatively low start up cost, are part of why kelp farming has caught the attention of mariners across multiple regions in North America. 

However, the benefits definitely don’t stop there, because kelp is way more than just a lucrative business. 

The production of kelp is a fantastic way to fight climate change!

Think of kelp as the trees of the ocean. Much like our forests on land, kelp forests absorb and store carbon dioxide. Seaweed helps to suck up the CO₂ in our oceans, which in turn allows the ocean to absorb more CO₂ from our atmosphere. It’s a completely natural cycle that could make huge impacts on climate change.

In a 2012 study by the University of the South Pacific, it was found that if 9% of the ocean was covered in seaweed farms, the collective seaweed growth could absorb 19 gigatonnes of CO₂ (psst – that’s a lot of CO₂).

On top of carbon reduction, aquaculture like kelp farming is considered multi-trophic. That’s a fancy word, but what it means is that kelp farms allow multiple species to grow and thrive in the same environment. That is why seaweed farms are fantastic for shellfish production, because the natural de-acidifying effects of kelp help to stimulate the growth of shellfish. 

What Is Kelp Used For?

While kelp is still a growing part of the North American food chain, it has long been incorporated in Asian cuisine. You may be familiar with its use in popular Japanese dishes like sushi. Seaweed is incredibly versatile and can be used in smoothies, salads, soups, and stews. 

Kelp is a protein-rich algae, and has potential to be used as a substitute to environmentally damaging protein sources, such as meat. It also has multiple health benefits including reducing inflammation, anti-aging and stamina enhancement.

In addition to it’s superfood health benefits, seaweed is a great option for sustainable agriculture. In a 2021 study, it was found that adding seaweed to livestock feed could reduce methane emissions from livestock, and lower feed costs significantly. 

Outside of food production, kelp can also be used as a base for sustainable products. These products include shampoos, toothpastes, biodegradable packaging, bioplastics and pharmaceuticals. Seaweed has even been used to create textiles and fabrics! 

The Future of Kelp Farming in B.C.

In recent years, kelp farming has grown rapidly along the coasts of North America. In the U.S. kelp farming got its start in the Atlantic waters of the East Coast, but the industry has now expanded to California, Alaska and of course, British Columbia. 

In just the last five years, multiple kelp operations have popped up along the coast of Vancouver Island, most notably Cascadia Seaweed.

Cascadia Seaweed is hoping to become North America’s largest seaweed producer. They plan to expand their operations to 1,200 acres of ocean by 2025, eventually looking to reach a total of 6,000 acres.

According to Bill Collins, the chairman and founder of Cascadia Seaweed, kelp farming could bring significant job opportunities to coastal communities, and pull in nearly $1 billion to the GDP of coastal British Columbia.

Beneath the choppy surface of British Columbia’s coastal waters, grow entire forests of a largely-untapped sustainable resource. Seaweed. Seaweed, also referred to as kelp, is the focus of a growing industry off the coast of Vancouver Island. While still in the early stages of development, this type of farming offers many environmental benefits on top […]

Salty and Sustainable: Why B.C.’s Seaweed Farming Is Good for the Planet — Vancity Michelle

ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS AND POLICIES via Aishwarya Sandeep

ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS AND POLICIES - featured image

Environment is a comprehensive term. It includes a wide variety of phenomenon. Environment includes the external conditions, resources etc to facilitate the interaction of various organisms. Law is all pervasive. Environmental law is  a body of law which consists of statutes, common laws, conventions, regulations and policies which seeks to protect the natural environment. We humans are cruel and selfish in nature. To satisfy our needs we exploit the natural resources and these activities tends to be harmful for environment. Some environmental laws are imposed to regulate the quantity and nature of impacts of human activities. Other environmental laws are preventive in nature in order to control the human activities. Environmental crime refers to violation of laws intended to protect the environment and maintain public health. Industrialization possessed a serious concern for the protection of environment.

IMPORTANT LEGISLATIONS:

  • The National Tribunal Act, 2010: It has been enacted with the objectives to provide for establishment of a National Green Tribunal (NGT) for effective  and speedy disposal of cases. The sole objective is to enforce legal rights to environment and give relief along with protection and conservation of forests and natural resources. The Act intends to establish a tribunal in order to deal with the environmental laws related to air, water, forests etc.
  • The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981: This Act mainly focuses on how to control and prevent air pollution. It imposes strict rules to combat air pollution. Under this Act, a separate body is formed i.e. SPCBs to inspect pollution control equipment and manufacturing processes. The Air Act empowers the State Government to declare the areas as air pollution control areas after consultation with the SPCBs.
  • The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974: This Act has been enacted to provide for the prevention and control of water pollution. Under this Act separate Boards are established in order to carry out the aforesaid purposes. The main objective is to maintain standards through discharge of pollutants from various water bodiesNon- compliance with the rules may impose penalties on private individuals or industries.
  • The Environmental Protection Act, 1986: This Act provides for the protection and improvement of environment. Proper framework is prepared to handle threatening situations and protect the ecological sensitive areas. Certain measures are taken  such as regulation of location of industries, disposal of hazardous wastes and protection of public health and safety etc. The sole objective is to set standards for emissions and discharge of pollution in the atmosphere and improve the quality of environment. Non-compliance of the Environment Act may impose penalty and punishment to the violators. The Violator will be punishable with imprisonment up to 5 years or with fine up to Rs. 1,00,000 or with both. If the offence is continued, then an additional fine of up to Rs. 5,00,000 for every day will be levied.
  • Hazardous Wastes Management Regulations: Hazardous wastes includes any physical, chemical, toxic and explosives characteristics in nature which can cause damage to environment. E-Waste Management is a part of this, with the objective to reduce the use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment. The hazardous wastes generated need to be channelized through proper sewage system for environmentally sound recycling.
  • Biodiversity Act, 2000: India is rich in biological diversity. One of the major challenges is in adopting an instrument which helps to realize the objectives of equitable development. The sole objective of this legislation is to regulate the access to biological resources so as to ensure equitable sharing. Prior approval is required before obtaining any biological resource from concerned authorities.

IMPORTANCE:

Environmental law and legislation are imposed in protecting humans as well as the different plants and animals in the ecosystem. Environmental law ensures that individuals, governments do not cause harm to the environment or its ecosystems and live with harmony. Waste Management is one of the biggest problems that is faced by different nations. Environmental laws ensures that the waste management process doesn’t impact the environment or human health. The main concern of such laws is to make sure the industries meet all legal obligations with respect to the environment. Officers and rank officials are appointed to enforce such laws without interference from outside. The environment officers and enforcers need to be protected by law so that they can be able to do the job in an efficient manner.

CONCLUSION:

Environmental Regulation is necessary to prevent the upcoming threats to environment and ensure protection through measures. But, citizens in environmental management are not sufficiently institutionalized in most of the local areas. This can be due to lack of awareness or the local bodies are reluctant to perform their duties. Also, the economic, human and technological resources to meet the requirements of efficient local environmental management are limited. We see numerous legislations are framed and passed by the Parliament. Regulatory measures are considered by some people. Although, individuals and community groups undertaking local projects for environmental remediation. The strategies of partnerships , selp-help and community empowerment have been used to encourage participation. Through, this community groups environmental problems are raised and redressed to the best possible manner with combined efforts of public and Government.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at adv.aishwaryasandeep@gmail.com

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

Environment is a very comprehensive term. It includes a wide variety of phenomenon.Environment includes the external conditions, resources etc to facilitate the interaction of various organisms. Law is all pervasive. Environmental law is  a body of law which consists of statutes, common laws, conventions, regulations and policies which seeks to protect the natural environment. […]

ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS AND POLICIES — Aishwarya Sandeep

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